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The UK education system

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The Society and Culture of British and America
The UK education system

9th May, 2012

Now i would discuss about UK education system. It is composed of compulsory education, further education and higher education. Compulsory education Compulsory education comprises infant school, junior school and secondary school. In most districts, infant school and junior school are combined to form primary school. Children from five to sixteen are sent to school to receive education by force in law. Free ?/??? Primary education Children begin their education in the State system at the age of five; some lucky ones may have the opportunity to attend one of the few nursery schools from the age of three to five, but most children start their basic education in an infants' or first school. At seven or eight they move on to junior school. Secondary education There are a number of different systems in operation; some areas still retain the primary schools with the change to secondary education at eleven, but many local education authorities have created middle schools for children from eight to twelve and these pupils transfer to comprehensive secondary schools when they are nearly thirteen. These comprehensive schools take children of all abilities from the neighbourhood, and as well as a general education, these schools offer a wide range of academic courses leading to the public examinations taken

at sixteen, and some handicraft and vocationally orientated courses. Besides, there is the independent sector of education , which includes the well-known (public schools) as well as other privately endowed schools) , provides for the education of about six percent of the school population. Further education Any child may leave school at sixteen without attempting any of the public examinations, but an increasing number of boys and girls are taking the Certificate of Secondary Education examinations or the General Certificate of Education. Both the CSE and the GCE are public examinations conducted by examining Boards and standardised to give national comparability. The GCE is intended for pupils of an academic bias. The CSE, like the GCE, has a subject range covering all of those likely to be taught in school. It is, however, designed for those pupils who are less academically able. A large proportion of the children taking a group of subjects at 'O' Level (an abbreviation used for the General Certificate of Education at Ordinary Level) will probably continue in full-time education and work for the GCE Advanced Level examinations. This they can do by staying on in the sixth form of their school, or by enrolling at a Sixth Form College or a College of Further Education. For those who want to go on into higher education the Advanced Level GCE examination is very

important, for it is on the results of this examination that the universities and polytechnics choose their students. Higher education There are about 90 universities, including the Open University, Oxford, and Cambridge, that were established in the 13th Century. The 15 city technology colleges in England teach the national curriculum but with an emphasis on science, technology, and mathematics. After completing secondary education, the student heads for higher education. Two basic levels of higher education exist in the UK. The end Over hundred years old, UK has formed its own education system that is quite mature and complicated. Most to my interest, it is certainly UK's universities, such as Oxford and Cambridge. They are so beautiful and fantastic. I dream to go there one day.




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