当前位置: 首页 > >

2018届中考英语语法专题复*:代词ppt课件(含答案)

发布时间:

1. 分析*三年对于代词的考查, 其中对人称 代词、物主代词及反身代词的考查尤为 突出。 其中题干以对话形式为主,词数 在10到18词之间,考生应识记并灵活运 用第一、二、三人称的各种变换形式。
2. 同时, 对于不定代词的考查也不容忽视,考 生应熟练掌握neither, either, both及
something, anything, everything, nothing 等的用法。

考点一:人称代词
人称代词指代人或物,分为主格和宾格。 主格在句中充当主语;宾格在句中充当动 词的宾语或表语、介词的宾语。

第一人称

第二人 称

/

单数

复 数

单 数

复 数

第三人称 单数 复数

主 格

I

we you you he she it they

宾 格

me

us

you you him her it them

it的用法 1) 可代替前面提到过的事物,也可代替可
数名词单数或不可数名词。
e.g. This is a watch. It is new. 2) 指时间、天气、距离等。
e.g. — How’s the weather today? — It’s sunny. It’s eight o’clock in the evening.

3) 可代替动词不定式作句中的形式主语或 形式宾语,也可用于某些固定句式中。
It’s + adj. / n. (for sb./ of sb.) + to do sth. (it作形式主语) Sb. find(s) / think(s) it + adj. + to do sth. (it作形式宾语) e.g. It’s necessary for us to learn English
well. She found it difficult to learn geography.

1. Please lend ___A____English book to _______. (2016?齐齐哈尔) A. your, me B. you, me C. you, I
2. Tomorrow is our teacher's birthday and we are going to give __B___ a big surprise. (2016?淮安) A. his B. him C. he D. himself

3. –Dave, where is Mr. Black? -I saw __B__ in the classroom ten minutes ago.(2016?济南) A. he B. him C. she D. her
4. –Mike, who helped __C__ make the paper plane?
-Nobody! I made it all by myself. (2016? 荆州)
A. your B. yours C. you D. yourself

5. Thanks for inviting ___D____ to dinner, Nancy. I really enjoyed it.(2016?河北)

A. her B. him C. you D. me

6. Nancy and Kate are good friends. ____C____ are both from England. (2016? 海南)

A. We

B. You

C. They

7. Could you record today’s NBA basketball game for me? I can watch ___D_____ later.(2016?孝感) A. one B. my C. your D. it
8. The retired couple have decided to go to college. It’s time for _B___ to begin a new life. (2016?上海) A. they B. them C. their D. theirs

9. My brother will come to see me tomorrow. I’ll meet __C___ at the airport.(2016?北 京)
A. her B. you C. him D. Them 10. To my surprise, he sold___C____ house at
such a low price. (2016?重庆) A. he B. him C. his D. himself 11. I can’t find my ticket. I think I have lost __A______. (2016·天津) A. it B. one C. this D. them

考点二:物主代词 物主代词用来表示所属关系,分为形容词 性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 形容词性物主代词在句中作定语修饰名词, 不能单独使用; 名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代 词+名词”,可与of所有格连用。

形容

词性 物主

my

代词

our your his her its their

名词

性物 主代

mine

ours

yours his

hers

its

theirs



1. ---Are Kate and Joan _B____ good friends?

---Yes, they are. Please look after_____.

( 2016?黔南州)

A. your; their

B. your; them

C. yours; theirs

D. you; them

2. My grandma and grandpa are teachers. They both like ___D___ students. (2016? 毕节市)

A. her B. his C. theirs D. their

3. –Tina, is this your dictionary? -No. __B____ is at home.(2016?怀化)

A. My B. Mine

C. Yours

4. –David, is that __C____ English dictionary? -Yes, it is _______. It is new. ( 2016?邵 阳)
A. yours; my B. your; my C. your; mine 5. She is my friend. ____C___name is Betty.
(2016?南宁) A. Its B. His C. Her D. My

6. Good words can touch not only your heart but also ___D_____. (2016?陕西) A. I B. my C. myself D. mine
7. The Rio 2016 Olympic torch (火炬)
began __B___ 95-day journey in Brazil on May 3rd. (2016?连云港)
A. it B. its C. it's D. itself

8. -What do you think of ___A____ Chinese

teacher, Jim?

-She’s an excellent teacher, I’ve

improved a lot since she taught _______

Chinese. (2016?黄冈)

A. our;us

B. our;our

C. ours;us

D. ours;our

9. ---Whose bike is this?

---It’s___B___. My grandpa bought it for me as a birthday present. (2016?威 海)

A. his

B. mine

C. hers

考点三:反身代词 1. 反身代词表示“某人自己的”,在句中
可用作动词或介词的宾语,也可用作主 语或宾语的同位语,表示强调。

第一人称 第二人称
第三人称

单数
myself yourself himself herself itself

复数 ourselves yourselves
themselves

2. 反身代词的固定搭配有: by oneself (独自), for oneself (为自己), enjoy oneself (过得愉快), help yourself / yourselves to sth. (随便吃), teach oneself (自学), dress oneself (给自己穿衣服), believe in oneself (相信自己), behave oneself (举止规矩), keep it to oneself (不 把某事告诉别人), talk to oneself (自言自 语), say to oneself (心里想)等。

1. ---Do you know who taught __C___ French? ---Nobody. He learned it by ____. (2016? 荆门)

A. his; himself

B. him; him

C. him; himself D. his; him

2. On the way to Mount Heng, the scenery

was so beautiful that all of us lost __C____

in it. (2016·湖南衡阳)

A. myself B. themselves C. ourselves

3. If we just think about ___D____, the boat of

friendship will be overturned anytime.

(2016?山东东营)

A. myself

B. himself

C. yourself

D. ourselves

4. —What a nice model plane!

—Thanks. I made it with 3-D printer

by _D____. (2016?山东济宁)

A. me B. him C. itself D. myself

5. My cousin Andrew is crazy about doing

many things by _B____. (2016·江苏盐城)

A. herself

B. himself

C. him

D. her

6. —Did you make the kite ___A_____, kids? —No, our uncle made it for us. (2016?四 川自贡) A. yourselves B. yourself C. themselves
7. — Would you please come to play soccer with me?
— Sorry! My 5-year-old brother can’t look after ___B____. (2016?四川达州)
A. him B. himself C. his D. He

考点四:指示代词 常用的指示代词有this,that,these和 those。

\ 指* 指远

单数 this这;这个 that 那;那个

复数 these 这些 those 那些

温馨提示: 1. that和those可用于比较结构来替代前面提
到的名词,以避免重复。 2. 打电话时用this介绍自己,用that询问对
方。

1. —The population of China is larger than ___C___ of India.
—Yes, but India’s population is increasing rapidly. (2016?湖北鄂州)
A. it B. one C. that D. this

2. —Who is that speaking?

—__D___ Mike speaking. (2015四川眉山)

A. I'm

B. My name is

C. That is

D. This is

3. Your home town is really nice! The air

quality is as good as __C___ of Sanya. (2015

江苏常州)

A. it B. one C. that D. the one

考点五:不定代词 常用的不定代词有:some, any, one, no,
both, neither, none, all, each, either, many,
much, few, little, a few, a little, other, the other, others, the others, another以及由 every, some, any, no构成的复合不定代词, 如something, everything, nothing, anybody, somebody, nobody, everyone, someone等。

辨析常用不定代词
both, all, neither, none, either, any 1. both, all都表示肯定意义。both表示“两
者都”;all表示“三者或三者以上都”。 2. neither, none都表示否定意义。neither表
示“两者都不”,与both相对;none表示 “三者或三者以上都不”,与all相对。 3. either表示“两者中任何一个”;any表示 “(三者或三者以上中的)任何的,任一 的”。

another, the other, others, the others 1. another指不确定数目中的“另一个”,后
接单数名词、“of +复数名词”或“数字+ 复数名词”。 2. the other 特指两部分或两者中的另外一个, 常与one 连用。 3. others相当于“other +可数名词复数”,表 示不确定指,相当于汉语的“其他的人或 物,别的人或物”。 4. the others表示确定指,相当于汉语的“其 余的人或物,所有其他的人或物”。

复合不定代词

复合不定 代词

含义

用法

例句

thing something

某事; 某物

常用于 肯定句 中

You can eat something

first.

复合不 定代词

含义

用法

例句

I didn’t eat

常用于 anything for

某事; 否定句 lunch.

某物 thing
anything

及疑问 Did you eat 句中 anything for

lunch?

任何东 常用于 You can take

西(事 肯定句 anything you

物) 中

like.

复合不定 代词

含义

用法

例句

Her son is

用于肯 everything to

thing

everything

一切

定句、 否定句

her. Money isn’t

及疑问 everything.

句中 How is

everything?

复合不 定代词

含义

用法

例句

thing

nothing

没有 什么

用于否 定句中, 相当于 not anything

I have nothing to say now. = I don’t have anything to say now.

复合不 定代词

含义

用法

例句

someone 某人

常用于肯 I saw 定句中 someone in
that room.

one anyone

I didn’t see

某人

常用于否 定句及疑 问句中

anyone in the room. Did anyone

call me

yesterday?

任何人

常用于肯 定句中

Anyone can do that.

复合不 定代词

含义

用法

例句

Everyone is

here today.

用于肯定 Everyone

everyone

人人; 大家

句、否定 句及疑问

doesn’t like the food here.

one

句中

Did everyone

in your class

go for a trip?

no one

没有人

常用于否 定句中

No one wants to walk to the

zoo.

注意: 1. 复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词常用单
数形式。
e.g. Everyone in this village is friendly. 2. 复合不定代词若有定语修饰时,定语要放
在其后。
e.g. Let’s do something interesting. He wants something to eat now.

3. something 也可用于期望得到对方肯定 回答的疑问句中。
e.g. Would you like something to drink?

1. -There is no salt left. Jim, would you

like to get __C______? -OK, Mum! (2016?呼和浩特)

A. it B. one C. some D. any

2. I'm sorry I know___A___ about it.

It's a secret between them. (2016?重庆)

A. nothing

B. something

C. anything

D. everything

3. -Is there __B______ else in the classroom? -It is empty. _____ is listening to a speech in the school hall. (2016?泰州) A. anyone; Anyone B. anyone; Everyone C. everyone; Anyone D. everyone; Everyone

4. ---There’re four bedrooms in the house

__C_____with its own shower. ---That’s what I want. I’ve got a few
kids. (2016?武汉)

A. either

B. neither

C. each

D. none

5. --Who was hurt in the traffic accident?

--___B____. (2016?齐齐哈尔)

A. None B. No one C. Nothing

6. ---Is there __D____in today’s newspaper? ---No, I think everything in it is boring. (2016?安顺) A. interesting anything B. somebody interesting C. interesting something D. anything interesting

7. -- Where would you like to go for your summer holiday, Beijing or Shanghai?
--__C_____. I will go to Sanya in Hainan. (2016?德州) A. Both B. Each C. Neither D. Either 8. -- Which of the two T-shirts would you
like to choose? --Both. Then I can give one to my brother
and leave _B___ to myself. (2016?哈尔滨) A. another B. the other C. other

9. In 2022,Beijing will host the Winter

Olympics. __D____ my brother and I want

to watch it. (2016?长春)

A. Neither B. All C. Either D. Both

10. –Sir, _A___ called you just now. I told

him to phone again 20 minutes later.

-OK. Thanks, Nancy.(2016?济南)

A. someone

B. nobody

C. anyone

D. everyone

考点六:疑问代词 常用的疑问代词有who, whom, whose, what和which。疑问代词引导的问句为特 殊疑问句,它们通常位于疑问句的句首。 温馨提示: who通常对表示人的主语、宾语、表语提 问,whom对表示人的宾语提问。

疑问 代词

主要用法

例句

who 作主语、表语、 Who wants to play

谁 宾语。

with me?

whom who的宾格形式,Whom are you

谁 作宾语。

waiting for?

whose 谁的

who的所有格形 式,作表语、 定语。

Whose scarf is this?

疑问 代词

主要用法

例句

what 什么

在不确定范围内选 择,用what,意为 What would “什么”,作主语、 you like to eat? 宾语和定语。

在明确的、已知的

which 哪个

范围内选择,用 which,意为“哪一 个;哪一些”,作

Which season do you like best?

主语、宾语和定语。

1. — __A____ do you usually share happiness with?
— My parents and my best friend. (2016?山东青岛) A. Who B. Whose C. What D. How

2. —I've found a wallet at the gate.

__C___ is it?

—Oh, it's mine. (2015山东威海)

A. Where B. What C. Whose

3. —__A___ will you ask for help when you

get into trouble?

—My parents, I think. (2015海南)

A. Who B. What

C. Where

4. —__D___ is your favorite day?

—Monday. Because we have P.E. and

music. (2015山东济南)

A. Why

B. Who

C. How

D. What




友情链接: